The companions of the beloved Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ are very fortunate personalities of Islam. All the companions of the beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ are superior to the rest of the Ummah. Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ praises them in the Holy Quran mentions their good character, and beauty of their faith (Eman). Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ pleased with these blessed personalities.
Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ says in the Holy Quran:
رَضِیَ اللّٰهُ عَنْهُمْ وَ رَضُوْا عَنْهُ وَ اَعَدَّ لَهُمْ جَنّٰتٍ تَجْرِیْ تَحْتَهَا الْاَنْهٰرُ خٰلِدِیْنَ فِیْهَاۤ اَبَدًاؕ-ذٰلِكَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِیْمُ(۱۰۰)
Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him, and He has kept ready for them Gardens beneath which rivers flow, to abide in it for ever and ever; this only is the great success.(Kanz-ul-Iman Translation of Quran)Absolutely the companions of Holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ are most respectful people and every one of us should love and respect them. One of the noble companions of the beloved Rasool is Hazrat Sayyiduna Ameer Muawiya رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہ let us read about this great personality in few lines.
Hazrat Ameer Muawiya رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ born in Makkah five years before the proclamation of Prophet hood of our beloved Rasool Hazrat Muhammad صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ. His father was Hazrat Abu Sufyan رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ and his mother was hind bint e Utba رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہَا. Both of them converted to Islam at the conquest of Makkah. They loved the Prophet of Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ وصَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ a lot after their acceptance of Islam.
Hazrat Ameer Muawiya رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ was tall in stature and attractive in appearance. His complexion was fear, and beautiful. His personality was awesome. Hazrat Sayyiduna Umarرَضِیَ اللہُ عَنْہُ used to look upon him and say, “this is the Caisar of the Arabs. He رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ was most forbearing and lenient, merciful, wealthy and head of the people. The signs of his nobility and determination were visible from his early childhood. His father Abu Sufyanرَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ often said that his child will lead the nations as he has a great wisdom. Hazrat Ameer Muawiya رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ was very humble in nature. He رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ did not like people to stand up in his respect as shown in the following narration:
حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ، عَنْ حَبِيبِ بْنِ الشَّهِيدِ، عَنْ أَبِي مِجْلَزٍ، قَالَ خَرَجَ مُعَاوِيَةُ عَلَى ابْنِ الزُّبَيْرِ وَابْنِ عَامِرٍ فَقَامَ ابْنُ عَامِرٍ وَجَلَسَ ابْنُ الزُّبَيْرِ فَقَالَ مُعَاوِيَةُ لاِبْنِ عَامِرٍ اجْلِسْ فَإِنِّي سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ “ مَنْ أَحَبَّ أَنْ يَمْثُلَ لَهُ الرِّجَالُ قِيَامًا فَلْيَتَبَوَّأْ مَقْعَدَهُ مِنَ النَّارِ ”
Abu Mijlaz said: Muawiyah went out to Ibn az-Zubayr رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ and Ibn Amir رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ. Ibn Amir got up and Ibn az-Zubayr remained sitting. Mu’awiyah said to Ibn Amir: Sit down, for I heard the Messenger of Allah صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ says: Let him who likes people to stand up before him prepares his place in Hell. Once he رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ wrote a letter to Sayyidatuna Ayesha Siddiqa رَضِیَ اللہُ عَنْھَا and requested her for an advice. This act of Ameer Muawiya رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ is a symbol of his humbleness and gives us a guidance to ask others for advice. He was very brave person and He رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ took part in many battles after embracing Islam and fought very bravely in all of them. He رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ was also very kind to people and he was most kind among the caliphs. He رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ was very generous. He رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ had a strong grip on the rulings of Islamic shariah.
Great Scholar and the Writer of Revelation:
Hazrat Ameer Muawiya رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ was among those companions of Holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ who were the writers of revelation and he remained very frequent with the Holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ. It is said that he narrated one hundred and sixty traditions from beloved Prophet Muhammad صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ. Of the Companions who related traditions on his authority, were Ibn Abbas, Ibn Umar, Ibn uz Zubayr, Abu’d Darda—Jarir al Bijli, Nu’man-b-Bashfr and others and among the Tabiis, Ibnu’l Musayyab, Hamid-b-A’bdi’r Eahman Ac.
Love for the Beloved Rasool:
All the companions loved the Holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ. Hazrat Ameer Muawiya رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ also loved him very much. It is famous that he رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ bought a robe from sun of Kaab bin Zuhair رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ after his death which was given him by beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ. Hazrat Ameer Muawiya رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ had a shirt, a robe, some hair and nails belonged to beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ, he advised to bury him in the shroud with these belongings and to put holy hair and nails on his face, nose and also spread on his chest.
Hazrat Ameer Muawiya رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ became caliph after Hazrat Imam Hassan رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ. The rules of his caliphate are guidelines for other leaders to lead successfully. Some of these are to order to do good, fulfilling promises, love for rituals of Allah, understanding of problems and their solutions, taking benefit from experience of others, respect of advice, generosity and doing good for the dependents.
Hazrat Ameer Muawiya رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ died on the day of Thursday, in the month of Rajab, Hijri, in the famous city of Syria “Damascus”. His age was seventy eight years. He was buried near Bab e Sagheer in Damascus where there are the graves of many other companions of beloved Prophet صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ. May Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ keep him in high ranks of Jannah. Ameen